Washington has implemented several literacy policies aimed at improving reading proficiency among its students. The state's approach to literacy education focuses on evidence-based instruction, early intervention, and support for struggling readers. One key policy is the Washington State Learning Standards, which outlines the skills and knowledge that students need to develop in order to be successful readers, including phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension.
Washington provides training and support for educators in evidence-based literacy practices, such as explicit instruction and the use of assessment data to inform instruction. The state has established the Washington Comprehensive Literacy Plan to provide guidance and support to educators and promote evidence-based literacy practices.
Washington uses a statewide assessment, the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC), to monitor student progress in reading and identify areas where additional support is needed. The state's Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) framework provides a systematic approach to identifying and supporting struggling readers, with tiered levels of intervention based on student needs.
The Washington State Library also partners with local organizations and agencies to promote literacy development through initiatives such as the Washington State Early Learning and Development Guidelines and the Washington State Summer Reading Program. These programs aim to support literacy development among students and families, particularly those in low-income communities. Additionally, the state has established the Washington Early Learning and Development Guidelines, which focuses on promoting early literacy development among young children in the state.
Washington Student Score Gaps:
This represents no significant change from the state’s 2019 average score.
In 2022, Black students had an average score that was 16 points lower than that of White students. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 1998 (17 points).
In 2022, Hispanic students had an average score that was 32 points lower than that of White students. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 1998 (22 points).
In 2022, male students in Washington had an average score that was not significantly different from that of female students.
In 2022, students who were eligible for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) had an average score that was 32 points lower than that for students who were not eligible. This performance gap was wider than that in 1998 (22 points).
Information from the NAEP website for 2022 4th grade reading scores.
WA EVIDENCE-BASED CHAMPIONS
WA EVIDENCE-BASED ORGANIZATIONS
These organizations are committed to promoting evidence-based reading practices, providing professional development opportunities for educators, and supporting students in developing strong reading skills.