Texas has implemented several literacy policies aimed at improving reading proficiency among its students. The state's approach to literacy education focuses on evidence-based instruction, early intervention, and support for struggling readers. One key policy is the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) for English Language Arts and Reading, which outlines the skills and knowledge that students need to develop in order to be successful readers, including phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension.
Texas provides training and support for educators in evidence-based literacy practices, such as balanced literacy instruction, explicit instruction in phonics, and the use of data to inform instruction. The state has established the Texas Education Agency (TEA) to provide guidance and support to educators and promote evidence-based literacy practices.
Texas uses a statewide assessment, the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR), to monitor student progress in reading and identify areas where additional support is needed. The state's Response to Intervention (RTI) framework provides a systematic approach to identifying and supporting struggling readers, with tiered levels of intervention based on student needs.
The Texas Education Agency also partners with local organizations and agencies to promote literacy development through initiatives such as the Texas Literacy Initiative and the Texas Early Education Model (TEEM). These programs aim to support literacy development among students and families, particularly those in low-income communities. Additionally, the state has established the Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines, which focuses on promoting early literacy development among young children in the state.
Texas Student Score Gaps:
This represents no significant change from the state’s 2019 average score.
In 2022, Black students had an average score that was 24 points lower than that of White students. This performance gap was narrower than that in 1998 (39 points).
In 2022, Hispanic students had an average score that was 24 points lower than that of White students. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 1998 (30 points).
In 2022, male students in Texas had an average score that was not significantly different from that of female students.
In 2022, students who were eligible for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) had an average score that was 30 points lower than that for students who were not eligible. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 1998 (31 points).
Information from the NAEP website for 2022 4th grade reading scores.
TX EVIDENCE-BASED CHAMPIONS
TX EVIDENCE-BASED ORGANIZATIONS
These organizations are committed to promoting evidence-based reading practices, providing professional development opportunities for educators, and supporting students in developing strong reading skills.