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Hawai'i has implemented several literacy policies aimed at improving reading proficiency among its students. The state's approach to literacy education focuses on evidence-based instruction, early intervention, and support for struggling readers. One key policy is the Hawaii Common Core Standards for English Language Arts, which outline the skills and knowledge that students need to develop in order to be successful readers, including phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension.

Hawai'i provides training and support for educators in evidence-based literacy practices, such as balanced literacy instruction and the use of formative assessments to guide instruction. The state has established the Hawaii Department of Education's Literacy Framework to provide guidance and support to educators and promote evidence-based literacy practices.

Hawai'i uses a statewide assessment, the Hawaii State Assessment, to monitor student progress in reading and identify areas where additional support is needed. The state's Response to Intervention (RTI) framework provides a systematic approach to identifying and supporting struggling readers, with tiered levels of intervention based on student needs.

The Hawai'i Department of Education also partners with local organizations and agencies to promote literacy development through initiatives such as the Hawaii State Literacy Plan and the Keiki Steps to Kindergarten Program. These programs aim to support literacy development among students and families, particularly those in low-income communities. Additionally, the state has established the Hawaii Early Learning and Development Standards, which focuses on promoting early literacy development among young children in the state.

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Hawai'i Student Score Gaps:

  • This represents no significant change from the state’s 2019 average score.

  • Data was not reported for Black students in 2022, because reporting standards were not met.

  • In 2022, Hispanic students had an average score that was 17 points lower than that of White students. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 1998 (17 points).

  • In 2022, male students in Hawai'i had an average score that was lower than that of female students by 12 points.

  • In 2022, students who were eligible for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) had an average score that was 26 points lower than that for students who were not eligible. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 1998 (27 points).

Information from the  NAEP website for 2022 4th grade reading scores.




These organizations are committed to promoting evidence-based reading practices, providing professional development opportunities for educators, and supporting students in developing strong reading skills.

Hawai'i Department of Education

Hawaii Literacy

Hawai'i State Reading Association

The International Dyslexia Association - Hawai'i Branch

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