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Vermont has implemented several literacy policies aimed at improving reading proficiency among its students. The state's literacy efforts are focused on early intervention, data-driven instruction, and support for struggling readers.


One key policy is Act 166, which requires universal access to pre-kindergarten education for all three- and four-year-olds in the state. The Vermont Agency of Education also provides training and support for educators in evidence-based literacy practices, such as phonics instruction and the use of assessment data to inform instruction.


Additionally, the state uses a statewide assessment, the Vermont Comprehensive Assessment Program (VCAP), to monitor student progress in reading and identify areas where additional support is needed. The Vermont Department of Education also partners with local organizations and agencies to promote literacy development through initiatives such as the Vermont Birth to Five program and the Vermont Reads initiative.

VT State Graph.png

Vermont Student Score Gaps:

  • This represents a decline from the 2019 percentage of 4th grade students not reading at the proficient level which was 63%.

  • Data was not reported for Black students in 2022, because reporting standards were not met.

  • Data was not reported for Hispanic students in 2022, because reporting standards were not met.

  • In 2022, male students in Vermont had an average score that was not significantly different from that of female students.

  • In 2022, students who were eligible for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) had an average score that was 25 points lower than that for students who were not eligible. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 2002 (20 points).

Information from the  NAEP website for 2022 4th grade reading scores.



These organizations are committed to promoting evidence-based reading practices, providing professional development opportunities for educators, and supporting students in developing strong reading skills.

Vermont Agency of Education

Vermont Reading Partners

Vermont Council on Reading

Vermont Humanities Council

The New England Reading Association - Vermont Council

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